Human rights organizations and Yazidi institutions submit two letters to the UN

Representatives of local and international human rights organizations and Yazidi institutions delivered to the United Nations two letters, the first signed by 11 human rights and humanitarian organizations working inside and outside Syria regarding the Turkish invasion and its violations in the regions of northeastern Syria, the second about the expulsion of the Yazidis from the Syrian Constitutional Committee, signed by Syrian Yazidi organizations.

Yesterday, Thursday, at the United Nations in Geneva, Jarkin Nebo, Fawzi Choli, Fewaz Eyo, as representatives of the Union of Yazidis in Syria, and Midya Mahmoud and Ali Isso, as representatives of Ezdina Organization, met with the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights and the Independent International Commission of Inquiry on Syria.

The meeting focused on the danger threatening the regions of northeastern Syria in light of its exposure to the Turkish invasion, accompanied by extremist Syrian factions called the "Syrian National Army", where the United Nations was delivered a letter containing demands calling on the international community to pull the Turkish army from northern Syria.

The message addressed to the United Nations stated that Turkey’s attempt to occupy areas in northeastern Syria, within 30 days of the start of an operation called “Peace Spring,” resulted in 146 civilians losing their lives, including 7 women and 4 children, due to indiscriminate shelling and battles waged by Turkey on northeastern Syria. .

The message of the organizations and institutions confirmed that the number of displaced persons exceeded 300,000 civilians, they have been displaced from their cities and villages, and more than 150,000 people are left homeless and do not have their daily needs, most of them are now living in schools in poor conditions.

With regard to the violations occurring in northeastern Syria, the letter clarified that the violations of the Turkish army and the Syrian opposition factions that are fighting alongside it have become almost daily, as hardly a day passes without recording violations by these forces against civilians, pointing out that the international community members saw with his own eyes most of these violations through video recordings that the militants filmed themselves killing civilians, as most of the militants cooperating with the Turkish army and were former fighters with the terror organization "ISIS".

The letter noted that the Turkish violations are inconsistent with the four Geneva Conventions of 1949 and their additional protocols, in addition to that these crimes amount to crimes against humanity in accordance with what was stated in the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court.

The message included a set of demands of organizations and institutions from the United Nations, namely:

- Sending international investigators to northeastern Syria in order to investigate facts and closely examine the crimes committed there against the civilian population by Turkey and the jihadist factions of the so called "Syrian National Army".

- Condemning Turkey as an occupying power and considering it responsible for the war crimes and crimes against humanity it commits accordingly.

- Issuing a recommendation and submitting a report by the United Nations to the Human Rights Council to refer the file of crimes committed by Turkey, most of which rise to the level of crimes against humanity and war crimes, to the Security Council in preparation for referring it to the International Criminal Court.

- Sending humanitarian and relief aid to the IDPs.

- Ensuring the safe return of the IDPs from the regions of north and east Syria, their number approximately 300,000, with international protection and guarantees.

- Work to dissuade Turkey from continuing to violate the United Nations Charter, and to demand an end to its occupation of the regions of northeastern Syria, and to place this region under international protection until a comprehensive solution to the Syrian crisis is found.

This letter was signed by the following organizations:

1- The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights.
2- Justice Center for Human Rights.
3- Human Rights Organization in Syria (MAF).
4- Violations and Documentation Center in Northern Syria.
5- Kurdish Legal Commission (DYK).
6- Ezdina Foundation for monitoring human rights violations.
7- The Human Rights Committee in Syria.
8- Association for the Defense of Human Rights in Austria.
9- Mahabad Organization for Human Rights.
10- Kurds Without Borders Organization - Paris.
11- Union of Yazidis of Syria.

With regard to the Yazidis, the representatives of the Yazidi organizations demanded from the United Nations in the second letter to carry out their duties regarding the exclusion of the Yazidis from the constitution committee, as the representatives of the Yazidi associations and institutions stressed the need to include the Yazidis in the committee concerned with constitutional amendments.

In response to the United Nations officials' representatives of the Yazidis, they affirmed the right of the Yazidis to express their cultural and social identity in a manner that guarantees their rights in the future Syria, and they emphasized the follow-up of legitimate demands in the letter.

The second letter, which was delivered to the United Nations and signed by 11 Yazidi institutions, stated that Yazidis make up approximately 2 percent of the population of Syria, and are distributed in Hasaka and Aleppo regions, and have lived on their historical land in Syria since ancient times. The letter also confirmed that the successive governments in Syria did not recognize them as an authentic religious component.

The letter added that although the previous Syrian constitutions did not recognize the right of the Yazidis, the United Nations also ignored their absence from the committee to reformulate the new Syrian constitution, and they were not included, like other religious and national components in the concerned committee, in order to contribute to defining the identity and features of the future Syria within the framework of preservation.

The letter affirmed that the Yazidis, realize the importance of participating in any political process revolving around the future of their historical lands in Syria, a right that is consistent with the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Persons Belonging to Religious Minorities. The letter was signed by civil society institutions and Yazidi associations operating inside and outside Syria, who are:

- Ezdina Media and Human Rights Foundation.
- Yazidi Union in Afrin.
- The Yazidi House in Aleppo.
- The Yazidi House in Al-Jazeera.
- The Yazidi House in Serê Kaniyê.
- The Yazidi House in Amuda.
- The Syrian Yazidi Gathering
- Kaniya Spî Cultural and Social Association.
- The Yazidi House in Siegen - Germany.
- The Yazidi Supreme Council in Hanover - Germany.
- The Union of Syrian Yazidis.



EZDINA: Human rights organizations and Yazidi institutions submit two letters to the UN
Human rights organizations and Yazidi institutions submit two letters to the UN
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